|Title||Evaluation of Japanese Universities' Research Activity Based on the Number of Awards of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research
- 2003 Fiscal Year - III.Biosciences
|Authors||Hiroyasu NOMURA, Masafumi MAEDA, Yoshitaka MITSUDA, and Itaru MAEBASHI,
Masamitsu NEGISHI, Morio SHIBAYAMA, Masaki NISHIZAWA, Yuan SUN, and Shigeki SUGITA
The system of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan is one of the oldest ones, which is the funding system for researchers belonging to universities and institutes in Japan. The fund was allotted to each researcher by peer review under the application for their own research projects.
According to development of the science and technology, the research field codes of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research have been revised every five years. By the middle of 2002 fiscal year, the large modification was discussed and pursued on the research field codes. A new revised table on research field codes was used from the application for 2003 fiscal year research projects.
This is the third report for 2003 fiscal year's version, that is, the research field of biosciences. As for other research fields, the first report on humanity and social sciences and the second report on sciences and engineering were already published, while other consecutive reports will be continuously published. The biosciences were made up of biology, agriculture, medical science, dentistry, and pharmacy. In the medicals, the basic, internal and surgery clinical medicine were clearly categorized independently up as one of fields in medical science.
The total number of adopted subjects of research projects at 2003 has been summed up for each universities and institutes on individual new research field and compared to those of 1998-2002 which were reported previously. These research fields are not only important for practical medical treatments, but also to promote the welfare of our life. Therefore, the 34% of the total fund were allotted to these fields. The research activities in these fields were pursued by the large-scale universities as well as many private medical specialized colleges in Japan. This report for the field of medical science, dentistry, pharmacy and nursing will clarify the role of each university in each research field.
On the whole, the large-scale national universities which were imperial universities under the old system of higher education were generally in a higher rank in every field. The general aspect of the ranking of this field, however, is completely different from that of humanities, social sciences, sciences, and engineering. Many private medical specialized colleges advanced in the ranking of middle part within the top 50. In each sub-field, in details, the research characteristics of universities and institutes have been clearly revealed even on the fields of medical science, dentistry, pharmacy, and nursing.
|Published||Mar 18, 2005|