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Research Bulletin of the NACSIS, No.1 (1987.3)

Hiroshi INOSE
Preface (Japanese)


1. Eisuke NAITO (National Center for Science Information System)
Issues Discussed at the "IFLA Pre-Conference Seminar on Automated Systems to Access for Multilingual and Multiscript Library Materials" (Japanese)

IFLA Pre-Conference Seminar was held in August 1986 in Tokyo. The aim of the conference was to determine the scope and characteristics of demands for an international standard for character set; to further the common understanding on basic requirements for standardization. Developments and remaining problems are reported and discussed from China, Korea, and Japan and from U.S.A(RLG) and Canada(Utlas), Arabic, Thai, Jawi, Greek, etc. Background review were made, and a propose was made to establish a standing committiee activities on East Asian bibliographic control.

2. Masamitsu NEGISHI (National Center for Science Information System), Hiroshi OZAWA (Computer Centre, University of Tokyo)
Development of TOOL-IR Information Retrieval System for Bibliographic Database in Engineering (COMPENDEX and Ei ENGINEERING MEETINGS) (Japanese)

An on-line information retrieval system for bibliographic databases in engineering, i.e. CONPENDEX and Ei ENGINEERING MEETINGS, has been developed. A common index of the system was made on all the words in the fields of document and conference titles and CODEN, and in the indexing fields given by the database editor; specialized indices were made for author names, ISSN, ISBN and conference numbers.
To make a set of documents of interest matching the indices, PHRASE, SEARCH, AUTHOR, ISSN and ISBN commands are used. The PHRASE command makes use of the common index and retrieves documents which contain all the terms one specifies on the operand. The SEARCH is the most general command, where the use of any kind of the indices and complexed operations including range searching are permitted. By entering a LOOK command, one gets the contents of the indices and can make a document set after examining them. In order to get the contents of the document sets, one enters a DISPLAY command, where five levels of output, from the simplest to the full, were implemented.
The present system forms part of the TOOL-IR system of the Computer Centre, University of Tokyo, and is widely used in the Japanese academic community.

3. Hiromichi HASHIZUME, Akira MIYAZAWA (National Center for Science Information System)
Application of Error Correcting Code to the Questionnaire Data Entry (Japanese)

This paper introduces the error correcting code system applicable to the offline data entries such as questionnaires. The application of this error correcting code to the investigation of the Union List of Periodicals is also mentioned as a practical example. The error patterns, extracted from about 750,000 collected records of the investigation, are analyzed and yield the human's error characteristics.

4. Jun ADACHI, Hiromichi HASHIZUME, Keizo OYAMA (National Center for Science Information System)
A Virtual Screen Transfer Method on TSS Connection (VTSS) (Japanese)
A VTSS protocol, a new simplified communication protocol applicable to screen-oriented applications for small scale terminal systems, was designed in the Center for Bibliographic Information, Universiyty of Tokyo in 1985. Communication software for host and terminal systems was developed based on the protocol and has been in operation as a part of the online shared cataloging system of the National Center for Science Information System (NACSIS). The purpose of the VTSS protocol is to enable relatively small scale computers to be used as terminal systems for screen-oriented applications by simplifying the transfer method of virtual screen information, which is suitable for distributed processing. The National Center for Science Information System has already been operating an online shared cataloging system using the virtual screen tranfer method based on N-1 Network. The VTSS is a simplified communication method for computers without complicated N-1 facilities and is used as a lower layar of the virtual screen transfer method as a substitute for direct use of the N-1 Network. In this paper, the background of development of the VTSS protocol is described first, the conditions of applicable network are discussed next, and then the implementation method of the communication software of the VTSS host system is presented. The detailed specification of the VTSS protocol is included in the appendix.

5. Keizo OYAMA (National Center for Science Information System)
Test and Prototype Systems for a Screen-Oriented Simplified Communication Protocol VTSS (Japanese)

A VTSS protocol, a new simplified communication protocol applicable to screen-oriented applications for small scale terminal systems, was designed at the Center for Bibliographic Information, University of Tokyo in 1985. Communication software for host and terminal systems was developed based on the protocol and has been in operation as a part of the online shared cataloging system of the National Center for Science Information System. The author developed a VTSS protocol simulator, which is able to operate both as a host tester (i.e. a terminal simulator) and as a terminal tester (i.e. a host simulator), on a mini-computer with UNIX OS for the purpose of testing and debugging of these systems duiring development. In this paper, the configuration and uses of the simulator are described. In order to confirm and improve the VTSS protocol and to make a user interface model of a useful terminal system, a prototype terminal system is under development. The basic concept and configuration of the prototype system are also discussed.


Jun ADACHI (National Center for Science Information System)
Technology for a Large-Scale Data Storage(English)

As an introductory guide, this paper surveys the current state-of-the-art of storage media technology, especially focusing on optical storage technology for constructing a large database such as image databases. Based on the review of magnetic storage media, the current status and future trend of optical disks are discussed. System design considerations are also mentioned relating to the role of storage devices in information systems.
Seminar Theses

1. Hironori ABE (Komazawa University Library)
Present and Future Condition of Komazawa University Library (Japanese)

We have been endeauering to collect the books chiefly concering with Buddhism and Zen which are the basis of study and education in our university.
At present, we have a program of introducing Library's automation system. In 1964, we published "Zenseki mokuroku", a complete catalogue of Zen books in our Library. But those Zen books are of different character from other books in our Library and require spcific cataloging and classification.
Now, we still keep on collecting materials for making the catalogue of "Zenseki" of better quality. In order to adopt the System for Academic Information Center in the near future, it is neccessary first of all to make the special cataloging rule and standard classification for Japanese and Chinese classical texts and manuscripts.

2. Toshiaki OHI (Seikei University Library)
MARC Test toward Seikei University Library Computerization (including Kanji) : An Application of Relational Database (Japanese)

This report describes MARCs handling with PL/I programming and an application of a relational database management system RDB1.
Structures of three MARCs are analysed at first. Methods of code conversions, description block date extracion and tag data extraction of MARCs are shown with PL/I programming. Next, a simple model of relational database is constructed and information retrieval is attempted. Comment of MARCs, PL/I, and RDB1 is discussed.

3. Rieko TAMEISHI (Library, Facutly of Agriculture, Kyoto University)
Some Recent Problems of Online Retrieval in Agriculture (Japanese)

Online information retrieval services are carried out from August 1982 in Library of Agriculture, Kyoto University. In order to find the needs of researchers and provide efficient searching, a survey by the questionaire was made to the users. The analysis of investigation clarified that one of the problems for searching was choice of search terms. Searchings with free terms and codes were examined using BIOSIS Previews. Furthermore, evaluation of databases in agricultural science and a role of librarians as intermediary were discussed in this report.

4. Seijiro HONGO (University of the Ryukyus Library)
Center for Bibliographic Information and the University of the Ryukyus (Japanese)

It is my belief that in this information-oriented society the Library of the University of the Ryukyus has to strengthen its function as an academic information center in Okinawa where it is not easy to get enough information that we are eagerly in need due to distant location from highly integrated nodes of academic information.
In this paper the author tried to clarify the present Library situation at the University of the Ryukyus within the insular circumstances of Okinawa, then described library network and CBI network as important means to improve the present insufficient library function.

5. Susumu USHIZAKI (Rikkyo University Library)
Toward a National Bibliographic Database in Japan : From the Point of Retrospective Conversion (Japanese)

Issues reported in this paper are as follows; 1)that describe a short history of retrospective conversion in U.S., 2)that prepare general guidelines when planning retrospective conversion, 3)that discuss that the CBI (Center for Bibliographic Information, University of Tokyo) could be also a recon utility by having some systematic enhancements which enable users to convert their card catalogs to machine-readable from easily, 4)that propose that it is necessary to make a national plan for retrospective conversion in Japan.

6. Koichi OJIRO (Nagoya University Library)
Toward the Integration of 'Database for Bibliography and Location' and 'Secondary Information Database' : Construction of a Model-System (Japanese)

It is necessary to integrate 'database for bibliography and location' and 'secondary information database' for getting documents rapidly. The main theme of this report is the integration of these two datases. In pursuit of this theme, I tried to construct a model-system by making use of DBMS, Model204. Main part of this paper is a report of the constructing this system. In addition, I made mention of the further development of this integrated system in CBI system.

7. Julie KANDA (The Documentation Center for Asian Studies, Insutitute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo)
How to Handle the Chinese Characters (Kanji) in Using a Computer for Research in the Document in Chinese (Japanese)

It is a very important problem how to handle the Chinese characters (Kanji) when using a computer for the document in Chinese.
This report describes first from the historical view the Kanji terminal developed in the USA and the establishment of JIS C6226 (Code of the Japanese Graphic Character Set for Information Interchange), and next the correspondence of the main facilities in Japan.

8. Teruo TSUJIKAWA (Kansai University Library)
Junctioning of KULPIS to the ULSP : An Effort of Converting Local Acquisition/Holding Data to the ULSP Data Format (Japanese)

KULPIS has been developed and operated in the full range of periodical processing for more than 7 years since 1978. The main structure is composed of 3 units. Namely, acquisition system, record holding system and binding (shelf) management system. The full range usage of coherent data in the related systems must be a key to make success on the library automation. Aiming here the reconsideration of data flow in the KULPIS and junctioning to the ULSP data automaticaly.

9. Tomoko MATSUNO (Hokkaido University Library)
CBI System and ISSN (Japanese)

Bibliographic control of serials is an area of computerization in library. Especially ISSN is important aid in identifying serials at exchange of data between CBI & participating libraries. Provides a survey on the history & present state of ISSN & some theoretical problems.

10. Hideto MOROTOMI (Hiroshima University Library)
The Library : It's Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow : Toward the New-Media Age (Japanese)

Rapid technological progress in computers and communication is bringing about a "new media age". The library is morning fast towards what F. W. Lancaster called a "paperless information system". If we look at information retrieval systems such as "Gateway", we can imagine that science information needs can be served without the present day library. In this report, I tried to grasp what the libarary's essence is, what its duties are and what its prospects for the future are.